Social and political organization the ayllu was the fundamental social group in the Peru and existed long before the Inca Empire. In the early days, each ayllu had farmland and a Chief, the Sinchi, which had him obedience. The ayllu was like a huge family with many siblings and cousins. The imperial era, the incas displaced the Sinchi, by another official called the CURACA also family, but appointed directly by the Inca. This allowed him to have great control over all the communities. The ayllu of a region were grouped into sayas (sections) and they formed a Huaman (province). Each province had its capital.
The provinces were grouped into each of the four quarters (Suyus) in which the Empire was divided: the Antisuyu comprised the Northwest the Collasuyu, southeastward, occupied the Highlands of the Aymaras, the basin of Lake Titicaca, the largest part of Bolivia, and the Highlands of northwestern Argentina and Northern Chile. Cuzco was the inca Capital, Center of the Empire. The Northwest quarter or Chinchasuyu encompassed Ecuador and Northern Peru. The Empire, their total received the name of Tahuantisuyu, the land of the four quarters. The Governors of the four quarters formed part of the State Council, headquartered in Cuzco and, generally, were relatives of the Inca.
The Governors sent the curacas, they had different categories according to how many men or contributors had under his leadership, thus of higher category was that it controlled to 10,000 and less than 100. Front of smaller groups was foremen, commoners appointed by curacas. The social structure was similar to the of a modern army, with capes and sergeants managing official and small groups for older groups. 2. Super state the State exercised important functions in Inca society. The land was owned by the State and the greater part of it exploded communally, also belonged the herds of llamas and mines.