This new nomenclature searched to correct of certain form, the bare-footed ones made for the proper man in the relation city ambient degradation. It searched, however, to revitalize or to correct the destructions of areas already degraded e, incorporation of natural elements gifts in the urban space, reaffirming the relation city-water. In this line, Marcondes (1999), says that: ' ' They constitute emblematic examples, even so with different boardings and distinct levels of complexity, the projects of Inner Habor in Baltimore, Boston Waterfrontem Boston, South Street Seaport in New York, Rom Rijnmond in Rottardam, Puerto Madero in Buenos Aires and Docklands in Londres' ' , (Marcondes, 1999, P. 23). In the present time, some thinkers come questioning the bonds between the project or the speech of ambientalista content, that gained force in the primrdios of years 1970, in the relation of subjects previously cut by the social matter and the reorganizations happened of the capitalist system, with new forms of boarding of the productive process and of desregulao Tapalov, 1992.
To follow, we will go to analyze the contributions of the School of Chicago in years 1920, and the quarrels about the social production of the space in the posterior years, and will arrive at the concepts of sustainable cities in the neoliberal molds of the present time. OF THE SCHOOL OF CHICAGO TO THE NEOLIBERAL PROJECT OF SUSTAINABLE CITIES OF CENTURY XXI. Of the ideological point of view and inside of the possibilities effective of practical applicability that it based the idealizao of the field and the nature on formularizations Metaphysical of urbanism must be object of analyze, in the intention of, by means of its agreement and of its historical dimension, to determine the meaning of the ambient model and the vision contemporary of the naturalismo, as well as the proposals of theoreticians of the present time in direction to a project of sustainable cities in the profitability molds capitalist.